Search Engines and How They Work
Search engines are software systems that retrieve specific information and conduct web searches. They are designed to search the World Wide Web in a systematic way based on users’ search queries.
In the current digital era, people usually search online to get their needs done instead of going to an expert, the main way to do so is to search for the things they want to find on the world wide web and to do so they need to enter their search query in the search engine. Many search engines have been introduced with unique features, and each is quite popular according to their demographic and requirements. However we are here to talk about the most popular search engines, but let’s see how search engines actually work.
The 3 important elements carried out by search engines are crawling, indexing & ranking-
*Crawling is the process of finding new and updated information with the help of robots (also known as crawlers or spiders).
*Indexing is the collecting, parsing, and storing of data so that all the data is available on the user`s display whenever they search for it.
*Ranking is the process to rank down all the URLs according to their accurate and qualitative information.
Top 10 Most Popular Search Engines
Google is a search engine for information like webpages, images, videos, and more. It is the first in the top 10 most popular search engines. Google was founded by Sergey Brin and Larry Page in 1998. In 2003, Google`s headquarters was established in Mountain View, California(USA). Today, 90% of people use it for search worldwide, and it has become the world’s most-used search engine. Google is more popular in the United States, India, Germany, South Korea, United Kingdom and also holds the number one position on all social media.
Google use crawler like (Googlebot)
Yahoo stands for (Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle) and was launched in 1994 by Jerry Yang and David Filo, it is the second most popular search engine among the top 10 and was one of the pioneers in the early internet era. Yahoo`s headquarters is located in Sunnyvale, California, United States. They missed an opportunity with google as they offered to buy google at the rate of $ 1 billion but they rejected it, and now Google stands at the top. Yahoo was sold to Apollo Global Management in May 2021 and has subsidiaries like Yahoo India Private Ltd, Yahoo! France SAS, Flurry, and more.
Yahoo use crawler like (Slurp Bot)
Bing was created by Microsoft Corporation and was launched in 2008, It is created as a decision engine that provides relevant information on search pages and satisfies the query of people. They gained more popularity in 2010 after the arrangements with Facebook and became the 2nd most popular search engine in the United States. Bing also offers points to its users which can be redeemed to get gift cards. These features make it gain popularity among people.
Bing use crawler like (Bingbot)
Amazon also known as A9, its creator is Jeff Bezos, and was launched in 1994. He used to sell books in a small garage as a business there, and by December they had shipped 20 million items to 120 countries. Nowadays amazon has become one of the most popular search engines among the top 10, now 60% of online users search for online products on Amazon. People can even buy their own houses, pets, cars, and many more things here.
Amazon use crawler like (Amazon Bot)
DuckDuckGo was founded by Gabriel Weinberg in Valley Forge in 2008, It provides online security and privacy to its users and protects searchers’ privacy by avoiding the filter bubble of personalized search results. DuckDuckGo doesn’t use users’ search history to show results like other search engines. And nowadays it achieves 80,000 searches daily.
DuckDuckGo use crawler like (DuckDuckBot)
Yandex was founded in 2000 by Arkady Volozh in Moscow, Russia, it holds the 6th position in the top 10 most popular search engines. They programmed it to work in many languages and can handle up-to-date learning skills. So basically, it’s a Russian copy of google. Yandex offers plenty of features like; mail, maps, images, videos, and many more and is famous in countries like Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Turkey, and Belarus.
Yandex use crawler like (Yandex bot)
Baidu is a Chinese search engine founded by Robin Li and Eric Xu in 2000, headquartered in Beijing’s Haidian District. 70% of China’s population use Baidu as their preferred search engine. Google is banned in China but Baidu has all the features that are essential to its users. As for search purposes, it holds the 6th position in the world. Although it is mostly used in China, it is also used in countries like Russia, Germany, and South Korea.
Baidu use crawler like (Baiduspider)
Ecosia search engine was established in Berlin, Germany, and was launched in 2008 by Cristian Kroll. After completing his studies in business administration, He travels the world to get business model inspiration. He has a great social influence and loves nature, so he decided on planting trees and protecting rainforests using the funds he got from Ecosia. This search engine is famous for donating millions of euros to save environmental projects and this company planted over 66 million trees. Ecosia is known for its privacy & transparency and that’s why users rated it better than Google on Trustpilot and have more than 15 million users.
AOL stands for America Online which is an American web portal, Established in Dulles, Virginia in the year 1989. This brand is marketed by Yahoo! Inc. Its headquarter is located at 770 Broadway, New York City, United States. PlayNET is the online service that they work on which licensed its software to Quantum Link. Previously their services were only available in Apple Computer’s Macintosh and Apple II machines, but they expanded their services to Microsoft Corporation’s Windows OS. They have 1.5 million monthly users.
AOL use crawler like (Smarterchild)
Ask.com was founded by Garret Gruener and David Warthen in 1996 and is also known as Ask Jeeves. Instead of using keywords for search, it allow its users to search in their natural language and give priority to expertise instead of popularity. In 2010, Ask.com left the search industry, with the loss of 130 search engineering jobs, because it could not compete with popular search engines like Google.
Ask.com use crawler like (Ask.com)
Search engines play a crucial role in increasing a website’s traffic, so users should choose search engines carefully. All search engines have their own uniqueness, so users choose them according to their needs. For example, if users need up-to-date information or better results for their search results then Google is a better option. However, for those who need privacy then DuckDuckGo is a good option as it provides privacy and security. If you need to search in multiple languages then Yandex is the best option. Moreover, if one wants to work in China, Baidu is the best option. Ecosia is preferred by those who wish to contribute to the environment. In addition, American Online is better for those who want clear and accurate answers to their query immediately. Entrepreneurs use Ask.com as it shows other site’s products and services too.
So, I have mentioned the most used search engines that are famous in the market, but all of them have the same goal to provide more accurate and clear results